An American Eskimo or ski dog with a white neck, sweet expression and black eyes can be a great companion for you.

He is a northern dog breed and belongs to the Spitz family of dogs. Eskimos are very active and active dogs who are very interested in participating in family activities and entertainment. This breed treats friends and family friendly and intimate while treating strangers conservatively. Although American Eskimos are small dogs, large dogs can be found in this breed.

The American Eskimo dog is part of the De Spitz family. Spitz dogs are among the northern dogs that have fox-like faces. In the size of the northern dog breeds, you can see other dogs, from small Pomeranians to large Samoids. In general, it can be said that there is a lot of variety. The original origin of the American Eskimo dog is unknown. It can be said that most likely these dogs are the children of white Spitz or German white Pomeranians who came to America with their German families. They are generally known as American Spitz dogs. Due to their beautiful white skin, they can be used as a popular display.

In 1917, the American Spitz was renamed the American Eskimo, and no one knows why. The American Eskimo Dog Club was founded in 1985 and in 1995 recognized the American Breed Club as a non-sporting club.

The American Eskimo dog, in addition to being beautiful and charming, also has a very attractive personality. He is very smart and loves to play and exercise. Since this dog is always suspicious of strangers, it can be said that it is suitable as a guard dog. There must be certain opportunities for this type of dog to be able to take advantage of its beauty and ability. If their energy and activity are not used, they get bored and it usually causes them to bark and chew. An American Eskimo dog can use your energy and activities to destroy your home and yard. Due to the excessive energy and will of this dog breed, an experienced and highly confident owner is needed to take responsibility for his teaching.

This breed of dog loves to be in a family and if it stays alone for a long time, it will suffer from separation anxiety. When you plan to leave the house, it is better to leave your Eskimo dog in a box or a small place with some special chewing toys so that when you return home, you do not have to worry about any trouble.

Racial characteristics

Overall versatility: Good

Adaptability to apartment life: Very good

Contrary to popular belief, small size does not necessarily make a house dog. There are many small dogs that are not suitable for keeping in the apartment due to the amount of energy and personality type. The characteristics of a good and suitable house dog can be quiet, low energy, polite behavior with the residents of the house.

Suitable for novice owners: good

Some dogs are easier to care for than others. They learn more easily and have more flexibility to retreat from the mistakes or inconsistencies of their owners. These dogs are very sensitive and have an independent mindset that is claimed to be more difficult for novice owners to maintain.

Sensitivity level: high

Dog breeds can be very sensitive or inattentive to anything. Low-sensitivity dogs are called “carefree”, “patient”, “flexible” and “thick-skinned”; They are better able to tolerate a noisy, chaotic, demanding, and variable routine family. Do you have small children? Do you hold noisy dinner parties? Or are you leading a confusing life? You will need a dog with low sensitivity.

Tolerance of being alone: ​​low

Some races are excellent at communicating with their families; In such a way that if they stay away from their families and owners for various reasons, they may create tense and worrying conditions. In these breeds, the dog will behave and react more appropriately if the dog spends time with his family during the day or is taken to work.

Cold weather tolerance: too high

Some races are excellent at communicating with their families; In such a way that if they stay away from their families and owners for various reasons, they may create tense and worrying conditions. In these breeds, the dog will behave and react more appropriately if the dog spends time with his family during the day or is taken to work.

Hot air tolerance: Normal

Dogs with thick outer shells are vulnerable to overheating. There are also breeds with short noses such as bulldogs or pugs that can not cool well depending on the type of nose. If you choose dogs with a heat-sensitive breed, you should keep them at home on hot and humid days, and you should be very careful about training this type of dog breed in the heat.


The rate of friendly behavior in general: very good

The level of loving treatment of the family: very good

Some breeds are very independent and withdrawn, even if they grew up with their owners and spent their childhood with them. Other races associate with a particular person and are inattentive to other people. Breed is not the only factor in determining the level of affection in dogs. Dogs that have grown up in families with humans can more easily communicate with other humans.

Child-friendly treatment: Very good

Kindness to children, size and behavior towards children, hugging their food, not having problems with childish games and activities, including child-friendly behavior that shows a dog as a child-friendly breed Give. You might be surprised to see a list of child-friendly dogs that include the stiff boxer dog breed and the American Staffordshire Terrier. Small, slender dogs with a potentially sharp temper like Chihuahuas are not very family friendly.

Friendly Behavior: Very good

Friendly treatment of other dogs and friendly treatment of humans are two very different things. Some dogs may attack or try to dominate other dogs; Other dogs prefer to play rather than fight, while others waggle their tails and run away. Race is not the only factor in determining friendly behavior. Dogs that spend at least six to eight weeks with their owners are likely to have good social skills.

Friendly treatment of strangers: Good

Stranger-friendly dogs greet guests and strangers by wagging their tails and sniffing. Other types are shy, indifferent or aggressive.

Sanitation and Health

Hygiene in general: normal

Not all American Eskimo dogs will get these diseases, but if you keep an American Eskimo dog; It is better to know about each of them.

Hypysplasia: This type of disease is an inherited disease due to which the femur does not fit easily into the hip joint. Some dogs with this disease show pain and limping very clearly in their gait, but some of them will not show externally. (You can easily diagnose this disease by X-ray screening)

Progressive retinal atrophy: This disease belongs to the family of ocular diseases, including gradual retinal detachment. Dogs infected with the disease lose their vision at night early in the disease. As the disease progresses, they will even lose their sight during the day.

The white American Eskimo dog has two outer shells, the lower shell being denser and the outer shell larger. The hair of this breed is bare and straight and has no waves. The neckline is marked with her hair. Her front and back legs are well filled with hair and her tail fur is thick. Most dogs in this breed are white or cream. Their hair falls out a lot and they will need frequent combing to clean and remove dead hair. The best advice for combing American Eskimo dogs is once or twice a week.

Spills: Too much

If you want to share your habitat with a dog, it is better to choose it according to the amount of hair loss of that breed. Hair loss will vary between different breeds. In some breeds, hair is shed seasonally, and in other breeds it is shed very late and with difficulty. If you are a regular person, it is better to choose breeds with low hair loss.

Amount of dirty work potential and clutter: Very low

Dirty dogs can leave saliva-like traces of saliva on your arms as they approach you to greet you, causing large, wet stains on your clothing. If you have a fairly good posture against saliva stains on your clothes, it will not be a problem. But if you are sensitive to such cases, it is better to choose a dog that has the potential for dirty work and little clutter.

Easy to clean and maintain: Normal

Some dogs will need a lot of cleaning and grooming while some of them can do some grooming. If you have time to clean your dog, you can choose the second type of dog or hire someone to clean it.

General health: Very high

Due to improper breeding practices in some dogs, a number of breeds are prone to genetic health problems, including hip dislocation. This does not mean that every dog ​​of this breed gets this type of disease, but it does mean that they are at higher risk for getting the disease. If you are already making a serious decision to buy a dog in a particular breed, it is best to have enough information about the genetic diseases of that breed.

Weight gain potential: high

Some breeds have a very good appetite and tend to gain weight easily. Being overweight, like humans, can cause a lot of problems for dogs. If you are choosing a breed that is prone to weight gain, you need to consider some dietary restrictions. It’s as if you have to make a good exercise program for him and measure his meals throughout the day.

small size

Dogs come in many different sizes depending on their type and breed. The size of the dogs has a huge impact on their selection because a suitable dog must be selected according to the type and size of the place. With this in mind, they decide to choose a house dog. You will decide to choose a dog of the appropriate breed according to the size and type of living space. It can be said that this option is one of the important factors in the classification of dogs.

Training capability
Fast learning rate: very good

IQ: Good

Rate of bait: Normal

Tendency to bark or howl: Normal

Potential for tourism or wandering: normal

Sports needs
Energy level: Very good

Difficulty: Normal

Exercise needs: high

Playful potential: too much

Breed group: companion dogs

Height: 30 cm, 7 cm by 30 cm – height to the shoulders 17 cm

Weight: Starts from 13 kg

Lifespan: 12 to 15 years

Learn more about American Eskimo dogs

The American Eskimo dog is primarily a companion dog. A loyal member who thrives on a beautiful personality through family activities. This breed has a happy, kind, companion and very intelligent personality. It is currently one of the most intelligent dog breeds. He excels in brain-based activities such as training, following instructions, tricks, agility and other dog sports. This type of race was used at some point in the past as a popular circus performer. The remarkable thing about this breed is that the Eskimos were brought to the United States in the late 17th century due to their beautiful appearance and fast learning abilities, and they multiplied their popularity.

Despite excellent intelligence, this breed can be bred independently. The American Eskimo dog is open-minded and, if the training required for it is not considered, it will surpass its owner and deal independently. You can teach this type of dog proper behavior and respect during training.

Care and nutrition

Although it can do well in any climate, you should keep in mind that the ancient African Eskimo dog loves cold weather. One of the pleasures of having this type of dog is watching it play in the snowy weather that most Eskimo dogs love. Apart from snow, these dogs also like to play in the water. You can keep this breed in all kinds of houses without worries and it will work well as long as it is indoors. It can be said that he is in the happiest state when he is with his family.

Recommended daily dose: 1.2 or 1.5 cups of high quality dry food per day, which is generally divided into two meals.

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