What is Ariel Dorfman known for? 4 books by Ariel Dorfman that you should read

Sometimes big events have a great impact on our lives and cause our lives to change dramatically. The life of Ariel Dorfman, a prominent Chilean writer, political activist and playwright, is no exception.

Ariel Dorfman was born on May 6, 1942 in Buenos Aires, Argentina. His father was a Ukrainian, a native of Odessa, who worked as a professor of economics in Argentina, and his mother belonged to a Romanian Jew, a Moldovan, who brought his fate to Argentina.

Argentina was a good place for Jews at the time to escape the onslaught of anti-Semitism that was on the rise in Europe. The Jewish community in Argentina is still one of the most powerful minorities in South America.
Ariel Dorfman’s growth in multicultural families led him to take a particular view of different nationalities and to take a universal approach instead of identifying himself as belonging to a particular nationality. It should be noted that the Dorfman family immigrated to the United States shortly after his birth, and he spent ten years of his childhood in the United States.

Adolescence and immigration to Chile

Ariel immigrated to Chile with his family when he was 12 years old, so he spent his youth and adolescence in Chile. During his student days, he married Anglica Malinariche and was able to obtain Chilean citizenship. For this reason, many know him as a Chilean writer. After marrying Anglica, he moved to the United States to study at Berkeley University.

Initiation of political activity

After completing his postgraduate studies in the United States, Dorfman became very interested in politics and joined the Chilean Socialist Party. In 1970, Salvador Allende of the party won the presidency, but the changes he envisioned sparked widespread opposition in some sections of society, and finally, on September 11, 1973, a bloody coup took place in Chile. Dorfman was one of Allende’s media advisers, and fortunately he was absent from the Chilean presidential palace on the day of the coup.

But as suffocation intensified in Chile, he was forced to leave his country and move to Europe after a few months of secret life. After living in Amsterdam and London for some time, Dorfman eventually moved to the United States because, with the end of the McCarthy era, left-wing activists were able to teach and work again.

Dorfman’s activities soon expanded, and he was able to appear in international forums as a prominent human rights activist and Pinochet’s opponent, exposing the nature of his political system.

Ariel Dorfman’s writing style

Dorfman can be considered one of the most prominent writers of the generation after the flourishing of Latin American literature. These writers have tried to distance themselves from the work of their predecessors such as Gabriel Garcia Marquez and Asturias.
More than twenty books have been published by Dorfman so far, covering a wide range of travelogues, literary criticism, novels, plays, and poetry. The works of this author have been translated into thirty different languages.

A significant part of this author’s work is devoted to the study and analysis of the nature of power and its relationship with human identity. Many writers of the post-flourishing period have necessarily paid attention to this issue due to their experience of the inflamed political situation in Latin America.

Break the spell of horror

The trial and arrest of General August Pinochet, the former Chilean dictator in Britain, was one of the most influential events of the twentieth century, as he was the first person to be arrested for human rights abuses outside the jurisdiction of a crime. His arrest was requested by a Spanish judge at the request of a British police officer. Although the arrest did not reach a final conclusion in court due to legal loopholes and the former Chilean dictator’s poor health, it had a profound effect on Chilean public opinion. In this book, Ariel Dorfman makes a good reference to the Chilean people’s confrontation with the crimes of Pinochet’s dictatorship, and considers the first attempt to break the “spell” to be the presence of people in the Santiago football stadium and mourning for their lost loved ones. In the early months of the dictatorship, many opponents of the coup were brought to the stadium, and hundreds of them died after enduring various tortures.

In Breaking the Spell of Horror, in addition to detailing Pinochet’s trial, the author looks at Chile’s horrific past and its days of violence and grief, revealing terrifying details. At the same time, he talks about the effects and consequences of this trial in Chilean society. Many who were tortured at that time or lost some of their family members found the courage to speak out about their suffering. Many had previously feared that the dictator would return to their country, so they preferred to remain silent. But this symbolic court was able to change beliefs and break the spell of terror.I recorded all this carefully and somewhat stubbornly in exile in Buenos Aires and Paris, in Amsterdam and Washington. It was as if I was punishing myself for not realizing what the future held for us. What plans have they made for me and the country I have chosen, in anticipation of the fact that those groups had taken the number of Lamoneh Da. Yes, he was himself. Although I knew that there were many others who should be found guilty, I knew that these crimes could have happened if thousands of others had helped and millions of people had watched indifferently. It was Pinochet, always Pinochet. When I read in a human rights report that in the first year of the dictatorship, 180,000 people were detained without due process and about 90% of them were tortured, or when I went to France to meet my friend Oscar Castro, who, after spending two years in prison, Chile was fired (for staging a play about the captain of a wrecked ship that whispers in his crew’s ear that they must survive and continue to fight), and when to I was comforted by the secret police, and when I read in this newspaper and that newspaper that 27% of the population of Chile is only about 3.They make up 3% of the country’s income, and I was trying to pull out of this dry, soulless statistic the face of the homeless, the faces of families I had worked with for years in the tents of Santiago and now had to eat cat meat to survive, and when I received a letter informing him of the prostitutes who were now begging in the city. Pinochet was the bastard Pinochet who was in charge, it was always Pinochet who stood between me and the land I was not allowed to return to. Between all of us and the ordinary lives we could no longer live until he was in power.

the trust

Etemad is the story of fighters and asylum seekers who came to France from Hitler-controlled Germany and lost many of their belongings, but intend not to give up the fight. These deportees are not treated well in French society, and even here they are not safe from Nazi spies and may run the risk of being repatriated.
The book takes place in an atmosphere full of ambiguous claims, and its characters sometimes have no choice but to believe it and move on. In addition, the fate of the main characters of the story is completely affected by whether they believe these words or not. Because they have no other refuge than these mysterious, unknown and uncertain voices, and their world is full of sworn enemies. This mysterious situation also happens to the readers of the story because there is no choice but to accept these claims to accompany the book. By doing so, the author tries to put us in the position of the characters of the story and convey their feelings to us.
Confusion is a confusing novel about the complex relationships between human beings, and when we read it, we will find our way through the labyrinth of truth and falsehood.

Trust raises deep questions; Questions like how do we know ourselves and others? How is our identity defined and how can we interpret the identities of others? How do we know what we know and why are we sure of it?

These questions can be taken to a larger level, and we are faced with questions about the nature of history and why we trust it.The man who has been watching Leon and Barbara, the one who has apparently been following Leon in the streets of Paris for a long time, is so preoccupied with you that you have no excuse for other people, other voices. Leon is aware of their existence, it is his awareness that eventually leads you to other plans.You always thought that the danger that threatened Martin came from the man sitting in the dark.

You did not expect at all to suddenly hear in your mind and with your own ears the voices of three other men who, eleven days before the events you described on paper, had gathered in a room in the same city of Paris. You hear vaguely from behind the glass who Leon is and what he has guessed and heard about the other men’s professions. He may be wrong, he may have taken these from himself. You want to put it on paper right now, neither made by you nor invented by a man who calls himself Leon. Yes. It is noon. August 20, 1939. Exactly eleven days before a woman who has just arrived from Germany picks up the phone in a hotel room and hears the voice of a man she does not know. The three men are gathered in a room elsewhere in Paris.

Widows

Widows is one of Ariel Dorfman’s most important and popular stories. Dorfman originally intended to publish the story under the pseudonym of the author so that it could be published in Chile. But due to the oppression in the country, he did not accept any publication to publish the story of the widows. Eventually, the book was published abroad and soon gained worldwide fame.

The story takes place during World War II in Greece. Greece is now ruled by colonels and a military government, which is a metaphor for Pinochet’s rule. On a normal day in a remote village, the lifeless body of a man is found in the river by women and enters the village in astonishment and anxiety. Anxiety rises when people can recognize the victim’s face. One of the men of the village, who had been arrested before, has met this ominous fate. But this is not the only case, and more and more lifeless bodies are gradually emerging from the river.
In this novel, Dorfman refers to the forced disappearance of thousands of opponents of Pinochet’s political system and the suffering of their survivors. Widespread censorship and pressure on survivors not to hold religious services for the dead is emotionally and effectively reflected in the story. The survivors are not safe from torture, harassment and detention and are constantly threatened in various ways not to seek the fate of their loved ones.

The above work clearly shows the nature of intimidation and repression and shows that the resistance of ordinary people with no university education can be a source of influence and challenge the rule of the colonels. In this book, the military rule of Greece is called the rule of the colonels. In this book, Dorfman tries to turn such a horrific event into a world experience. And tell us that it really does not matter if the disappearance of political opponents in Chile or Greece and the Philippines.
The book Widows has already been translated into Persian by Ahmad under the name of the Disappeared in 1987.The envoy looked at the woman, then at the captain, and greeted . Was a fading smile on his face? The captain preferred to ignore this issue. Not more than a day had passed since his command, and he was still not confident enough to ask for an explanation. Maybe he would address this later. “We are consulting with the lieutenant,” he told the woman. The woman did not answer, but the captain did not want to ignore it. He wanted to get to the bottom of this. “Let me see, if you did not have a chance to hold a funeral for your father then, would you? “”I told Captain Geor Gakis, but he did not pay attention. “He ordered him to be buried like a homeless man. “The captain decided not to pay attention to him. He occupied himself with reports on his desk. In fact, the situation was quite calm. There have been no clashes recently and the clean-up operation is almost over. The few opposition figures still scattered here and there seemed to have given up their activities. Once again read the final analysis of Captain Gore Galis’s report. The wave of sabotage was slowly spreading to larger cities or towns, although in the coming weeks we may see the latest acts of violence and perhaps small gatherings in remote towns and villages. One could never know what new trick the enemy had up his sleeve. In any case, Capt. Gauer Gallis had left areas free of any armed terrorism for his successor, an area ruled by iron fists, patrolled by patrols, his people had no choice but to obey, the real and potential centers of insurgency were gone. And the army was in control of the military. The task of the new commander was to attract the sympathy of the inhabitants in accordance with the general plan of the supreme government, and to key the constructive stage of social and economic development. Now that the annoying elements had been repeatedly defeated and eliminated, this long step could be taken.

Death and young girl

Ariel Dorfman’s plays are very popular, however, the place of Death and the Young Girl is very special and different. The play was staged in the most important theaters in Europe and the United States and led the author to the Sir Lawrence Olivier Award, which is given annually to the best play performed on stage and has a very high reputation. In addition to the excellent director, Roman Polanski also inspired a successful film to be released in cinemas. The author wrote this play in 1990, on the eve of the overthrow of Pinochet’s dictatorship. The above work tries to give us an in-depth look at justice and engage our minds with fundamental questions about this important concept.

The story takes place in an anonymous country but in Latin America, where an oppressive and authoritarian political system has been overthrown. The story has three main characters named Paulina Salas, Gerardo Escobar and Roberto Miranda. Polina is a brave and militant woman who endured many tortures and persecutions during the dictatorship. His wife, Harard Escobar, is a lawyer who did his best to save Paulina’s life. But Paulina had horrific experiences before her release and was assaulted by interrogators. It takes many years for the couple to come to terms with their horrific and sad memories. But fate decides a strange thing, one day Herrardo brings a man named Dr. Roberto Miranda to his house, and Paulina, after a moment’s thought, realizes that the doctor’s tone and voice are familiar to her. He finds out that Roberto Miranda lives with a secret identity, and in fact he is the same torturer who has repeatedly persecuted and assaulted him. The play has many ups and downs, but it raises the question of how the dictatorship should be treated fairly. Different writers and thinkers have different views on this issue. Many worry that violent and similar treatment of them is morally wrong and can reproduce the cycle of violence, while others say that dealing with conventional laws will upset survivors and they will never feel justice. In addition, tyrants and their agents can commit any crime while in power and enjoy greater rights and privileges under the new law after being deprived of power.

Another argument raised in this play is that victims should try to forget the suffering they have suffered or it is necessary to narrate this suffering for future generations. This book has also been translated into Persian under the name of Death and Virginity. it’s midnight. The sound of the sea waves can be heard hitting the rocks of the shore. Escobar family beach villa. In the living room, with a porch in front of it, a dining table is set aside. There are two chairs next to the table. There is a tape recorder and a lamp on the table. Part of the outside porch can be seen from the window. This room has a door to the bedroom. The door to the bedroom opens from the porch. Paulina Salas is sitting on a chair, apparently eating something in the moonlight. The wind has moved the curtain between the room and the porch. The sound of a car can be heard in the distance. Paulina gets up in a hurry. He goes to the next room and looks out the window. The car brakes, but the engine is still running. The light from the car’s headlights irritates Polina’s eyes, she pulls herself aside, picks up a pistol, the car’s engine shuts down, and Herodo’s voice is heard. Harado: (from outside) Are you sure you can not come home? Let’s take a cherry together and say goodbye to the rest of the way.(A dumb voice answers, but it does not make much sense.)

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