William Shakespeare is a well-known 16th century poet, writer, playwright and theatrical actor who is considered one of the peaks of world literature that has had a profound and profound impact on world literature. Many writers find Shakespeare’s plays and other works inspiring.
William Shakespeare’s childhood and adolescence
William Shakespeare was born in Stratford, England in 1564 and was baptized on April 26 of that year. Shakespeare belonged to aristocratic and respected families. His father was a bureaucrat and his mother the son of a wealthy local landowner. Some believe that Shakespeare’s father was a local leather merchant. There is a lot of speculation about William Shakespeare and his life, and there is a lot of ambiguity about his childhood. According to historians, he spent his school days at Stratford Grammar School, but did not go to Oxford or Cambridge despite his aristocratic lineage. Church records in which William was baptized show that he had seven siblings and was the third child in the family.
Marriage of William Shakespeare
William Shakespeare married Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582. He was 18 at the time. Anne and William had three children from this marriage. Their first child was born on May 26, 1583, one year after their marriage. They named their daughter Susanna, and Shakespeare was very fond of her. Two years after Susanna was born, William and his twin sons and daughters became known as Judith. William was only twenty-one years old when he had three children.
Young William in London
It was not until a few years after William’s marriage that Shakespeare moved to London to work because of his hometown. London at that time was one of the most important commercial centers in the world and a rich city. William loved literature and theater and had to endure many hardships to work in theater. Despite his aristocratic lineage, he spent time as a caretaker of the theater’s horses. Eventually William’s efforts pay off and he can make his way into the Lord Beastster cast. He is a marginal actor at first, but because of his high talent, he attracts attention and his progress begins. Shakespeare also gradually became interested in theatrical behind-the-scenes work and turned to playwriting.
William Shakespeare in the Golden Age of Artistic Activity
The William Shakespeare Theater Group is becoming more and more popular in London. English aristocrats enjoyed seeing Shakespeare’s theaters, and eventually William’s fame and enchanting art reached the Queen of England. Queen Elizabeth I, a tolerant, reformer and tolerant figure, was tempted to attend the Shakespeare Theater. In 1594, 30-year-old William performed a satirical play in the presence of the Queen of England, which aroused the admiration and admiration of the Queen and members of the royal family. For this reason, the English court supported the publication of Shakespeare’s plays and poems. Many of Shakespeare’s most important works were published from 1594 to 1610.
William, 46, who has amassed considerable wealth due to his fame, prefers to live in his hometown for the rest of his life, so he returned to Stratford the same year to rest and retire. The last 6 years of this writer’s life are spent in peace. William died on April 23, 1616 at the age of 52.
Shakespeare’s writing style
William is one of the founders of the writing style of classicism. The followers of this school try to create literary works inspired by ancient Greece and Rome. This artistic movement reached its peak in the second half of the seventeenth century. The followers of the school of classicism believe that order and simplicity should be followed in the creation of literary works, these works are usually expressive and understandable, and their complexity is avoided. Classical artists believe that everything is said and there is nothing new, but many things are not understood correctly. The followers of this school for their literary or artistic creation follow the rules such as moderation, giving originality to reason and the necessity of learning.
About the works of William Shakespeare
There are about 40 outstanding plays, two poems and 154 lyric poems by William Shakespeare. Most of William’s plays were published after his death by former friends and colleagues, but his poems were published during his lifetime. Seven years after William’s death, two of his friends and colleagues, Henry Candel and John Hemmings, edited and compiled Shakespeare’s manuscripts to publish a comprehensive version of his plays.
One of Shakespeare’s first works is the poem Venus and Adonis, written in 1593 at the age of 29.
In this poem, Shakespeare recites a poem of love and affection, a love that is rooted in ancient mythology. After that, in 1594, another of Shakespeare’s poems or poems was published.
Shakespeare’s first plays were written in the mid-1590s by Richard III and Henry VI. Shakespeare’s plays are thematically divided into three categories: historical, tragic and comedy.
Although Shakespeare’s comedic and historical plays belong to the early period of his activity, but his tragedies are among his most famous works, of course, it can be said that Shakespeare’s well-known tragedies also have a historical background.
Othello is a human being who has seen horrible places and experienced horrible conditions during his life. He was deceived and enslaved, but because of his merit and courage, he joined the army in Venice and was promoted.
Othello can be considered one of the most influential tragedies of William, Othello is a military commander in Venice. Influenced by the slanders of one of his subordinates, he suspects his wife and out of prejudice, kills her for treason and brutal murder. Othello is one of the most fascinating English tragedies, and many opera and film performances have been inspired by it. Crazy love for the beloved causes crime and madness, and after the truth is revealed, there is no way to compensate.
Emilia: Good morning, dear deputy. I’m sorry about this unfortunate incident that happened to you. But soon everything will improve. Sardar and his wife are currently discussing this, and Desdemona has warmly welcomed you. In response, Maghribi says that the one who is wounded by you has a great name and reputation in Cyprus and his supporters are very strong. Hence the rule of reason
Salim has to keep you away from him. But he assures you that he loves you and does not need anyone to intercede. Rather, his friendship will be able to bring you back to work as soon as possible.
Casio: I still wish. If you know it is appropriate and possible. Arrange for me to have a brief conversation with Desdemona on my own.
Emilia: Please. Come on in. I make sure you can talk freely.
Casio: I am your hostage!
One of William’s fascinating tragedies, according to experts, was written in 1605. The play has five scenes in which the King of England, named Lear, decides to give part of his dominions to his daughters.
At the same time, a misunderstanding causes King Lear to be pessimistic about his little girl, who gives her as a slave to the king of France and humiliates her. There is a lot of hatred and pessimism in this story, which ultimately causes the suffering of the characters in the play. This attractive and popular play will be performed in 5 scenes. The interesting thing about this story is that despite the king’s desire to hand over the kingdom to his children, greed and pessimism lead to terrible problems and tragic events.
Edgar: It is better for them to know the lowly and the lowly than to know that they are lowly and ridiculed. The poorest and most deprived of help in the worst case still insists on hope. He is not in fear. The change of destiny is deplorable for those who have had the best of life. But in someone who is in the worst condition, it is laughable.
Blessed are you, O light-winged air that you have embraced; The unfortunate one that you put in the worst condition and day owes nothing to your haste. But who is coming here?
(Gloucester as an old man walks in enters)
my father. How do they walk in poverty like this? O world, world, world! Even though the wonderful changes make us hate you. Our lives do not want to give in to aging.
Old man: Hi. My kind server! During these eighty years, I was the tenant of your land and your father.
Gloucester: Go on, go on, my good friend; Your consolations do not improve my pain at all. But it can hurt you.
Old man: You who can not see your way.
Gloucester: I have no choice. And as a result, I do not need eyes. When I saw it, I stumbled. It has been seen a lot. Our assets reassure us. But it is possible that our own shortcomings make us comfortable. Oh! My dear son Edgar, you have become the prey of a deceived father; I wish I was alive enough to see you in my arms. I will say that I have eyes again.
The Venetian Merchant is another of William’s works with a humorous and comedic theme. This dramatic satire consists of 5 scenes of two main and secondary stories, Antonio comes to his friend as a Venetian businessman to prepare for his courtship. His friend decides to propose to a girl named Porcia who is the child of a Jewish usurer.
The story unfolds in such a way that it forces Antonio to borrow from the Jewish Shylock. There is a clause in the Shylock-Antonio contract that says the Venetian merchant must give part of his body to the usurer if he is unable to pay his debt. It sets the stage for many funny events. According to some critics, the above comedy may now seem anti-Semitic.
Narissa: What do you think about her neighbor, the Scottish grandson?
Porcia: He has such a balance with his neighbor that when he was slapped by the English, he swore to settle accounts whenever he could. I think that Frenchman became his guarantor and he was slapped.
Narisa: So how much do you like the young German, the nephew of the Duke of Saxony?
Porcia: I hate him a lot in the morning when he is awake and I hate him in the evening when he is drunk. When it is at its best, it has nothing less than a human being, and when it is at its worst, it has nothing more than an animal.
Macbeth is Shakespeare’s shortest tragic play. Macbeth is a kind and respectful warrior who turns the hand of fate and the events of his time into an evil human being. Macbeth has an evil wife who is involved in inciting him to commit a crime. The first character of this story, after completing a successful mission and defeating the enemy army, is confronted by sorcerers who predict his fate and they promise him a kingdom.
Macbeth shares this prophecy with his wife, and the two decide to assassinate the ruler and ascend to the throne. The two eventually avenge their crime and are killed. This fascinating tragedy also has historical roots and takes place in the Land of Scotland. From the above work, films of the same name have been made, directed by people like Justin Kزلrzl and Roman Polanski in 2015 and 1971.
Macbeth: O time. You surpass my terrifying performances. Elusive determination, if we do not delay in action, it will never be achieved again. From this moment on, all the babies of my heart will become the babies of my hand, and now for the deed that I think will be crowned.
Let it be said and done; Suddenly I’m going to attack McDuff’s palace. I will take Fif and his wife and children and all the unfortunate souls who come from Evin. I will go through the tail of the razor. Let’s not go crazy. Before the determination to cool down. The work will be done; But daydreaming is enough! Where are these commanders? Come and take me to them.
Hamlet, William Shakespeare’s longest-running play, was written in 1602 as his most famous play. Hamlet is a Danish prince who loves and cherishes his parents. He is faced with bad news. His father has died and he must return to the country. Upon entering the royal palace, he sees that his uncle Claudius has usurped the throne and married his mother, Queen Gertrude, without respecting traditions and laws. Hamlet is moved by this incident and dreams that his father tells him that Claudius killed him by pouring a deadly poison on him in order to take the throne.
Hamlet tries to test Claudius by writing a play similar to this one. Claudius’ change of mood and fear proves that Hamlet’s dream was true. But the real tragedy takes place where Hamlet mistakenly kills his mistress, because he thinks the person behind the scenes is the usurper king. Some scholars consider Hamlet to be the greatest tragedy of English literature.
Claudius King: Is there no way to find out the cause of his confusion and find out why, with his rebellious mad nails, he makes the faces of his quiet days angry and dangerous?
Rosen Crentes: He said in his own words that he thought he was crazy but did not want to reveal anything about his motivation.
Gilden Stern: I do not see in him that not only is he willing to realize his inner self, but whenever we bring it to the point of acknowledging its true state. By taking advantage of the shrewdness that mixes in madness. It escapes us.
Shah Banu Gertrud: Did he accept you well?
Rosen Crentes: Just like a gentleman.
Gildens Turn: But he tried hard to make his behavior look normal.
Rosen Crentes: Be very open-minded in asking questions and answering our questions!
Shah Banu Gertrud: Did you encourage her to have fun?
Rosen Crentes: My Lady King!… The way we came. Ironically, we passed a group of actors and talked to them about them. His appearance was such that hearing this news made him happy. Now those actors are around the court and I think they have orders to perform in front of him tonight.
Polonius: That’s right. He also asked me to invite your Majesty to watch the show.
Claudius King: I accept. I am very happy to hear the song of such works. Gentlemen!… Drive him more in the same way he took
Increase his appetite for this kind of entertainment!