Climate Change Summit; More than 40 countries have pledged to abandon coal

New international research shows that China is responsible for about a third of the world’s greenhouse gas emissions. It, along with India, Australia and the United States, has not signed a coal reduction agreement at the 26th Cup.

Coal is the main source of greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. China, the United States, India and Russia are the largest producers of carbon dioxide, respectively.

At the end of yesterday’s summit of the 26th British Cup

42 countries announced that 42 countries had agreed to give up coal, including Poland, Vietnam and Chile, among the 18 countries that pledged for the first time to stop building coal-fired power plants.

An action that could be one of the major achievements of the Glasgow World Summit in Scotland.

However, the non-accession of the largest coal-dependent countries such as Australia, China, India and the United States could negatively affect the success and importance of this agreement.

A total of 190 countries and international organizations have joined the MoU to reduce coal consumption.

Some of the world’s largest coal producers have refused to sign the side agreement between 42 countries. This agreement does not mean that coal production in the pledged countries will stop tomorrow.

This will be a long process. Therefore, activists and scientists are not optimistic that these brake bites can slow down the emission of greenhouse gases to the extent that they prevent global warming.

Two other important agreements were reached in the previous days: to prevent the process of deforestation and to control the emission of methane gas, which is a strong and dangerous greenhouse gas.

The latest report from the Global Carbon Budget Group says greenhouse gas emissions have returned to pre-Corona levels this year.

During the Corona period, carbon emissions were reduced.

The report, conducted with the help of 70 institutes on five continents, shows that greenhouse gas emissions will soon increase as air and land travel increase again.

Analysts say humans on Earth have only 11 years to burn carbon at its current rate and rate; Otherwise, global warming will reach a catastrophic irreversible state.

These countries have pledged to stop any investment in building new coal-fired power plants inside and outside their country.

According to the agreement, the world’s major economies in the 2030s and the poorer countries in the 2040s will also give up coal fuel forever.

“The end of coal is near,” said Kwasi Carting, Britain’s economy and energy adviser.

He said the world is on the right track and is ready to build a clean energy future and reap its economic benefits by ending coal consumption.

But Ed Miliband, the shadow economy minister in parliament, is not so optimistic, saying there is a “significant gap” between major greenhouse gas-producing countries such as China and India. He also criticized the lack of effective work to reduce gasoline and gas consumption.

Despite many efforts to reduce coal consumption, this fossil fuel still produced 37% of the world’s electricity needs in 2019.

Countries such as the Netherlands, South Africa and India need to invest heavily in clean energy.

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